Utooni Development / Resources


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Equator Initiative Case Studies
Local sustainable development solutions for people, nature, and resilient communities

Utooni Development Organisation Case Study

Kola, Machakos, Kenya
Interviewer & Author: Alvera Stern, Ed.D.
Interviewee: Chairlady Esther Ithau & Secretary Rhodah Silu
Interview Date: October 23, 2007
Last updated by UDO Staff March 27, 2013

The Impact of Sand Dams on Community Development in Semi-Arid Agricultural Areas in Kenya

A paper presented to Utooni Development Organization during Dr. Teele’s visit to Kola August 31, 2011.

Wayne S. Teel, Ph.D., is a faculty member at James Madison University.

Coliform bacteria and salt content as drinking water challenges at sand dams in Kenya

Sand dams can be an effective community-scale solution to increasing water supplies in some arid and semi-arid regions, but there are few studies that have investigated water quality at sand dams. This study investigated the levels of coliform bacteria and salt content as parameters of potential concern.